Feeding Quails: Best Practices for a Healthy Flock

Quails are small and fascinating birds that are becoming increasingly popular among backyard poultry enthusiasts. But what about feeding quails? These small game birds are known for their unique appearance, swift movements, and delightful songs.

If you’re considering adding quails to your flock, it’s important to understand their dietary requirements to ensure their health and well-being. In this blog, we will explore the basics of feeding quails, including their nutritional needs, feeding habits, and tips for providing a balanced diet.

You may also want to read about the best quail feed.

Feeding Quails: Understanding Quail’s Nutritional Needs

Quails, like all birds, have specific nutritional requirements to thrive and maintain optimal health. A well-balanced diet is essential for their growth, egg production, and overall well-being. Here are some key nutrients that quails require in their diet:

  1. Protein: Quails are omnivorous birds that require a high-protein diet. Protein is crucial for their growth, feather development, and reproduction. Quails can obtain protein from various sources, including insects, seeds, grains, and animal-based protein like mealworms or small fish.
  2. Vitamins and minerals: Quails need a diverse range of vitamins and minerals for their overall health. These include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin B complex, calcium, phosphorus, and selenium, among others. A well-balanced diet that includes a variety of foods can help ensure quails receive the necessary vitamins and minerals.
  3. Carbohydrates: Quails also require carbohydrates for energy. These can be obtained from grains, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. However, it’s important to provide carbohydrates in moderation to avoid excessive weight gain and other health issues.
feeding quails

Feeding Habits of Quails

Quails are ground-dwelling birds that have unique feeding habits. They are active foragers and prefer to feed on the ground, scratching and pecking for food. Quails have a fast metabolism and require frequent small meals throughout the day.

Here are some important considerations when it comes to feeding quails:

  1. Feed type: Quails can be fed a combination of commercial game bird feed, grains, seeds, and insects. Commercial game bird feed is specifically formulated to meet the nutritional needs of quails and can be a convenient option. Grains like millets, oats, and wheat can also be included in their diet. Insects like mealworms, crickets, and earthworms can provide a good source of protein for quails.
  2. Water: Clean and fresh water should be provided to quails at all times. Quails have a high water requirement, especially during hot weather or when they are laying eggs. Waterers should be placed at ground level to make it easily accessible for quails.
  3. Grit: Quails also require grit in their diet, which helps them in digesting their food. Grit can be provided in the form of coarse sand, crushed eggshells, or commercial grit specifically designed for poultry.
  4. Feeding frequency: Quails have small stomachs and require frequent small meals throughout the day. It’s best to provide food in small portions multiple times a day, rather than one large meal. This allows quails to forage and eat at their natural pace, mimicking their wild feeding behavior.
  5. Observation: Observing the feeding behavior of quails can help you gauge their appetite and adjust their diet accordingly. If quails are not consuming enough food, it may indicate a problem with their health or diet. On the other hand, if they are overeating or showing signs of obesity, it may be necessary to adjust their diet and feeding schedule.

Feeding Schedule

Quails should be fed several times a day to ensure they have access to a constant supply of food. It is recommended to feed quails at least three times a day, with feeders filled with the appropriate feed and fresh water available at all times.

Feeding quails at regular intervals also helps to prevent overeating, which can lead to obesity and other health problems. Overeating can also lead to egg binding in female quails, which can be fatal.

Housing and Feeder Considerations

When feeding quails, it is important to consider their housing and feeding equipment. Quails should have access to clean, dry, and warm housing that provides adequate space for them to move around and forage. Adequate space is essential to prevent overcrowding, which can lead to aggression, disease, and other health problems.

Feeding equipment, such as feeders and waterers, should be cleaned regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and disease. Quails are susceptible to respiratory diseases, so it is important to ensure that their housing and feeding equipment are clean and well-maintained.

In addition, quails prefer to feed from shallow dishes or troughs rather than deep feeders, as they are more comfortable feeding at ground level. Quail feeders should also be designed to prevent feed wastage, which can be a common problem with quails.


Feeding quails requires a balanced diet that meets their nutritional requirements, access to clean water, and appropriate housing and feeding equipment. Quails have different nutritional requirements at different stages of their life cycle, and it is important to provide them with appropriate feed at each stage.

Leave a Comment