Guinea Fowl Feed: A Comprehensive Guide

Guinea fowl, with their distinctive calls and unique personalities, have become increasingly popular among poultry enthusiasts and small-scale farmers. Raising these birds can be a rewarding experience, but it comes with the responsibility of providing them with the right nutrition. In this blog post, we will explore the essential aspects of Guinea fowl feed, including what to feed them, how to meet their nutritional needs, and tips for ensuring their health and productivity.

You may also want to read about white guinea fowl.

Understanding Guinea Fowl Dietary Needs

Guinea fowl, like chickens, are omnivores, which means their diet consists of a combination of plant matter and animal protein. To thrive, they require a balanced diet that meets their nutritional requirements at different stages of life.

Guinea Fowl Feed
A close shot of a Guinea Fowl with a blurred field in the background.

What Do Guinea Fowl Eat?

  1. Guinea Fowl Starter Feed: Newly hatched guinea fowl, known as keets, should be fed a specialized guinea fowl starter feed. This feed is high in protein, typically around 24-28%, to support their rapid growth and feather development.
  2. Guinea Fowl Grower Feed: As keets grow, they transition to a grower feed with slightly lower protein content, around 18-20%. This feed helps them continue developing while also preparing them for adulthood.
  3. Adult Guinea Fowl Feed: Once fully grown, adult guinea fowl require a maintenance feed with a protein content of around 16-18%. This feed keeps them healthy and provides the necessary nutrients for their daily activities.
  4. Supplements: Guinea fowl enjoy foraging for insects, seeds, and vegetation. In a free-range environment, they can find some of their food, but it’s essential to supplement their diet with commercial feed to ensure they receive all necessary nutrients.

Protein Needs

Protein is a critical component of the guinea fowl diet, particularly during their early stages. Adequate protein intake supports feather development, muscle growth, and overall health. Insects, such as grasshoppers and beetles, are excellent natural sources of protein for guinea fowl.

Feeding Tips for Healthy Guinea Fowl

Now that we’ve covered the basics of what guinea fowl eat, let’s explore some important feeding tips:

1. High-Quality Commercial Feed

Invest in high-quality commercial guinea fowl feed specifically designed for their life stage. Look for reputable brands that adhere to industry standards for poultry nutrition.

2. Clean Water

Provide fresh and clean water at all times. Guinea fowl, like all birds, require access to water for hydration and digestion. Regularly clean water containers to prevent contamination.

Guinea Fowl Feed
Guinea Fowl Feed

3. Foraging Opportunities

If you have the space, allow your guinea fowl to forage for insects and vegetation. This natural behavior not only supplements their diet but also provides mental stimulation and exercise.

4. Calcium Supplement

Provide a source of calcium, such as crushed oyster shells, for adult guinea fowl to support strong eggshells if you plan to keep them for egg production.

5. Free-Range Benefits

Allowing your guinea fowl to free-range can improve their diet by giving them access to a variety of natural foods. However, ensure they have a safe and secure environment to protect them from predators.

Feeding Keets

Feeding keets requires extra care and attention:

1. Specialized Starter Feed

Start with a high-protein guinea fowl starter feed (around 24-28% protein) from day one. Keets need the extra protein to grow and develop properly.

2. Smaller Feeders

Use smaller feeders to prevent keets from wasting food and to ensure they have easy access to their feed.

3. Grit and Clean Water

Provide fine grit to help keets digest their food and make sure they always have access to clean water.


Proper nutrition is vital for the health and well-being of your guinea fowl. Providing them with the right feed at each life stage, access to clean water, and opportunities for natural foraging will help ensure they thrive and live a happy and productive life on your farm or homestead. By paying attention to their dietary needs and following these feeding tips, you can enjoy the delightful presence of these unique birds while reaping the benefits they offer, such as insect control and, in some cases, fresh eggs.

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