Quail Types: Exploring the Diverse World of Quails

When it comes to the diverse and fascinating world of birds, quails stand out as an interesting and unique group. These small game birds belong to the family Phasianidae, and they are known for their charming appearance, delightful calls, and remarkable behaviors. In this article, we will explore the various quail types found around the world, each with its distinctive characteristics and habitats.

Make sure you provide your quail with the best quail feed.

1. Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix)

The Common Quail, as the name suggests, is one of the most widespread and abundant quail species. It is migratory in nature and can be found in various regions of Europe, Asia, and Africa. These birds are known for their short but powerful flights and distinctive “wet-my-lips” call, which fills the spring and summer air in their breeding grounds.

2. California Quail (Callipepla californica)

Native to the western parts of North America, the California Quail is a charming and social bird with a unique appearance. Males display striking black plumes on their foreheads and a vibrant chestnut-colored body. These quails are often seen in small groups, known as coveys, foraging on the ground for seeds and insects.

california quail types

3. Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus)

The Bobwhite Quail, also known as Northern Bobwhite, is a beloved game bird found primarily in North America. Its recognizable whistling call that sounds like “bob-white” echoes through grasslands, open woods, and farmlands. These quails have a distinct white throat and eye stripe, adding to their charm.

bobwhite quail

4. Gambel’s Quail (Callipepla gambelii)

Named after the American naturalist William Gambel, Gambel’s Quail is a native bird of the southwestern United States and parts of Mexico. These birds are renowned for their striking feather patterns, including a unique topknot on their head. They prefer arid regions and are often seen running rather than flying.

5. Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica)

Unlike many other quail species, the Japanese Quail is not wild but has been domesticated for various purposes. These small birds are popular for their eggs, which are considered a delicacy in some parts of the world. They are easy to raise and are a common sight in poultry farms.

coturnix quail

6. Harlequin Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae)

The Harlequin Quail, also known as Montezuma Quail, is a visually stunning bird found in the southwestern United States and Mexico. With intricate patterns of black, brown, and white feathers, they have a captivating appearance. However, they are shy and secretive, often hiding in dense vegetation.

7. Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)

As the name suggests, Mountain Quail is found in mountainous regions of western North America. They are known for their elegant and eye-catching plumage, featuring a combination of blue-gray, brown, and chestnut colors. Mountain Quails have a preference for dense shrubbery and coniferous forests.

8. Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata)

The Scaled Quail, also known as Blue Quail, is a species native to the southwestern United States and parts of Mexico. They get their name from the scaled appearance of their feathers. These birds are highly adapted to arid environments and are often seen running along the ground in search of food.

blue scale quail

9. Button Quail (Turnix spp.)

The Button Quail, also called Bustard Quail, is a group of small quails belonging to the Turnix genus. These intriguing birds are found in various regions around the world, including Asia, Africa, Australia, and Europe. They are known for their unique behaviors, such as monogamous relationships and elaborate courtship displays.

button quail

10. Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa)

The Himalayan Quail, unfortunately, is one of the rarest and most elusive quail types. Endemic to the Western Himalayas in India, this bird is critically endangered, with very few confirmed sightings in recent decades. Conservation efforts are underway to protect this magnificent species from extinction.

11. California Newell’s Quail (Callipepla californica plumbea)

Endemic to the California Channel Islands, the California Newell’s Quail is a subspecies of the California Quail types. These birds have adapted to the island environment and exhibit distinct features compared to their mainland counterparts.

12. Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica)

The Rain Quail, also known as the Rain Partridge, is a species found in South Asia. They are known for their habit of calling during the monsoon season, which has earned them their name. These quail types prefer open grasslands and agricultural fields as their natural habitat.

13. Painted Bush Quail (Perdicula erythrorhyncha)

The Painted Bush Quail is are small quail types found in the Indian subcontinent. They are recognizable by their striking black and white facial markings. These birds have a preference for scrublands and dry grassy areas.

14. Stubble Quail (Coturnix pectoralis)

The Stubble Quail is native to Australia and is well-adapted to a range of habitats, including agricultural fields and grasslands. Their mottled brown plumage helps them blend into their surroundings, providing them with effective camouflage.

15. Blue Quail (Excalfactoria chinensis)

Also known as King Quail or Chinese Painted Quail, the Blue Quail is a small species native to East Asia. They are popular in aviculture and are often kept as pets due to their beautiful and intricate feather patterns.


Quail types, with their diverse species and unique characteristics, add color and charm to the avian world. From the migratory Common Quail to the elusive Himalayan Quail, each species offers a glimpse into the wonders of nature. As we continue to appreciate and understand these remarkable birds, let us also strive to protect their habitats and ensure their survival for generations to come.


  1. Are quails good for beginners in aviculture? Quails can be a suitable option for beginners in aviculture due to their small size and relatively easy care requirements.
  2. What is the primary diet of quails in the wild? Quails primarily feed on seeds, grains, insects, and small invertebrates in their natural habitats.
  3. Can quails fly long distances during migration? While some quail species undertake migratory journeys, their flights are relatively short compared to larger birds.
  4. How can I attract quails to my backyard? Providing suitable cover, such as shrubs and bushes, along with a food source can attract quails to your backyard.
  5. Are quails raised for commercial purposes? Yes, certain quail species, like the Japanese Quail, are raised in commercial poultry farms for their eggs and meat.

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