The Best Nesting Box Size for Chickens: Ensuring Comfort and Productivity

When it comes to keeping chickens, providing suitable nesting boxes is essential for their comfort and well-being. Choosing the right nesting box size is crucial to ensure that your hens have a comfortable and safe space to lay their eggs. In this article, we will discuss the importance of nesting boxes for chickens, factors to consider when selecting the size, recommended sizes for different chicken breeds, building or purchasing options, and the benefits of providing proper nesting boxes.

You may also want to read about the best chicken coop.

Importance of Nesting Boxes for Chickens

Nesting boxes serve several important purposes:

  • Comfortable Laying Space: Nesting boxes provide a secure and cozy environment where hens can comfortably lay their eggs, encouraging natural nesting instincts.
  • Egg Protection: Properly designed nesting boxes protect eggs from being trampled, pecked, or soiled, reducing the risk of cracked or dirty eggs.
  • Stress Reduction: Chickens are more likely to lay their eggs in a designated nesting box, minimizing stress and preventing egg hiding or egg eating behaviors.

Factors to Consider when Choosing Nesting Box Size

Several factors should be considered when selecting the size of nesting boxes:

  • Breed Size: Different chicken breeds vary in size, with larger breeds requiring more spacious nesting boxes. Consider the average size of your chickens to ensure adequate space for them to comfortably enter and move within the nesting box.
  • Number of Hens: The number of hens sharing a nesting box should be taken into account. Providing enough space for each hen prevents overcrowding and potential disputes.
  • Egg Production: Consider the number of eggs your hens are expected to lay. A larger nesting box may be required if your hens tend to lay larger or more frequent eggs.
nesting box size

The nesting box size is very imporant for chickens.

Recommended Nesting Box Sizes for Different Chicken Breeds

While nesting box sizes can vary depending on the breed, here are some general recommendations:

  • Small Breeds (e.g., Bantams): A nesting box size of approximately 12 x 12 inches (30 x 30 cm) is suitable for small breeds.
  • Medium Breeds (e.g., Rhode Island Reds, Sussex): A nesting box size of around 14 x 14 inches (35 x 35 cm) is recommended for medium-sized breeds.
  • Large Breeds (e.g., Orpingtons, Wyandottes): Larger breeds require nesting boxes of about 16 x 16 inches (40 x 40 cm) or more.

It’s important to note that these sizes can be adjusted based on the specific characteristics and preferences of your flock.

Building or Purchasing Nesting Boxes

Nesting boxes can be built or purchased, depending on your preferences and skills:

  • DIY Nesting Boxes: Building your own nesting boxes allows for customization and can be a cost-effective option. Use suitable materials such as wood and ensure proper construction, including adequate ventilation and easy access for egg collection.
  • Pre-made Nesting Boxes: Alternatively, you can purchase pre-made nesting boxes from reputable suppliers. These are often designed with the appropriate dimensions and may include convenient features such as removable dividers or easycleaning access.

Placement and Maintenance of Nesting Boxes

Proper placement and maintenance of nesting boxes are vital for their effectiveness:

  • Location: Place the nesting boxes in a quiet and secluded area of the coop, away from high traffic or noisy areas. This provides a sense of privacy and security for the hens.
  • Bedding Material: Line the nesting boxes with clean and soft bedding material, such as straw or wood shavings, to create a comfortable nest for the hens.
  • Regular Cleaning: Regularly clean and replace the bedding material to maintain cleanliness and hygiene. Dirty nesting boxes can attract pests or transmit diseases.

Benefits of Proper Nesting Box Size

Providing the best nesting box size offers several benefits:

  • Egg Quality: Comfortable and spacious nesting boxes contribute to better egg quality by reducing the chances of eggs getting damaged or soiled.
  • Stress Reduction: Properly sized nesting boxes minimize stress and promote natural nesting behaviors, leading to increased laying productivity.
  • Hen Health and Safety: Appropriate nesting box size prevents injuries and discomfort associated with cramped or inadequate nesting spaces.


Choosing the best nesting box size for your chickens is a critical aspect of responsible flock management. By considering the breed size, number of hens, and egg production, you can provide a comfortable and safe environment that promotes healthy egg laying and overall well-being. Whether you build your own nesting boxes or purchase them, ensure proper placement, maintenance, and cleanliness to maximize their effectiveness.


1. Can I use plastic containers as nesting boxes? While plastic containers can be used as nesting boxes, they may not provide as much insulation as wooden boxes. Ensure the containers are sturdy, easy to clean, and have suitable dimensions for your chickens.

2. How many nesting boxes do I need for my flock? A general guideline is to provide one nesting box for every 3-4 hens. This helps prevent overcrowding and allows each hen to have access to a nesting space.

3. What should I do if a hen lays eggs outside the nesting box? If a hen consistently lays eggs outside the nesting box, try to identify the reason. Ensure the nesting box is clean, comfortable, and easily accessible. Providing fake eggs or golf balls in the nesting box can also encourage proper egg-laying behavior.

4. Can nesting boxes be placed at ground level? While nesting boxes can be placed at ground level, elevating them slightly off the ground can help prevent bedding from getting soiled and reduce the risk of pests or rodents accessing the boxes.

5. How often should I clean the nesting boxes? Regularly clean the nesting boxes, ideally once a week or as needed. Remove soiled bedding and debris, and replace it with fresh, clean bedding to maintain a hygienic nesting environment.

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