What Is In Chicken Feed: Understanding the Essential Components for Healthy Poultry

Chicken feed is a crucial element in raising healthy and productive chickens. The quality and composition of the feed directly impact the growth, development, and overall well-being of your flock.

What Is In Chicken Feed? In this article, we will explore the basic components of chicken feed, the different types available, the benefits of high-quality feed, considerations when choosing feed, and supplemental feeding options.

You may also want to read about the best chicken feed.

Basic Components of Chicken Feed

What Is In Chicken Feed? Chicken feed is formulated to provide a balanced diet that meets the nutritional needs of chickens. The following are the essential components found in chicken feed:

Grains and Seeds

Grains such as corn, wheat, barley, and oats are commonly used in chicken feed. These grains provide a source of energy and carbohydrates for the chickens. Additionally, seeds like sunflower seeds or millet may be included to add variety and additional nutrients.

Protein Sources

Protein is essential for muscle development and overall health. Chicken feed often includes protein sources like soybean meal, fish meal, or meat and bone meal. These ingredients provide the necessary amino acids for optimal growth and maintenance of chickens.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are crucial for various physiological functions in chickens. Chicken feed is fortified with essential vitamins such as vitamin A, D, E, and B-complex vitamins. Important minerals like calcium, phosphorus, and potassium are also included to support bone health, egg production, and overall metabolic processes.

Additives and Supplements

Chicken feed may contain additives and supplements to enhance nutritional value or promote specific health benefits. These can include probiotics for gut health, prebiotics for digestive function, or herbal supplements for immune support. Some feeds may also contain additives to enhance feed palatability or prevent spoilage.

what is in chicken feed

What Is In Chicken Feed?

Different Types of Chicken Feed

What Is In Chicken Feed? Different stages of a chicken’s life require different nutritional needs. Here are the main types of chicken feed available:

Starter Feed

Starter feed is specifically formulated for newly hatched chicks. It is high in protein and essential nutrients to support healthy growth and development during the early stages of life.

Grower Feed

Grower feed is designed for juvenile chickens transitioning from the starter stage to adulthood. It provides a balanced nutritional profile to support steady growth and development.

Layer Feed

Layer feed is intended for laying hens. It is formulated with a higher calcium content to support eggshell formation and includes additional nutrients to maintain overall health and productivity.

Broiler Feed

Broiler feed is formulated for meat-producing chickens. It contains higher protein levels to support rapid growth and the development of lean muscle.

Organic Feed

Organic feed follows strict guidelines to ensure that the ingredients are free from synthetic additives, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Organic feeds can be available for all stages of chicken growth.

What Is In Chicken Feed?

What Is In Chicken Feed?

Benefits of High-Quality Chicken Feed

Using high-quality chicken feed offers several benefits for your flock:

Proper Nutrition

High-quality feed provides the necessary nutrients in the right proportions, ensuring optimal growth, development, and overall health of the chickens.

Healthy Growth and Development

Balanced nutrition supports proper muscle and skeletal development, leading to strong and healthy birds.

Egg Production

Layer feed contains specific ingredients, such as calcium, that support optimal egg production, including shell quality and overall egg size.

Meat Quality

Broiler feed with the right balance of protein and nutrients contributes to the development of lean and flavorful meat.

Considerations When Choosing Chicken Feed

Several factors should be considered when selecting chicken feed:

Age and Purpose of the Chickens

Different feed formulations cater to specific life stages and purposes. Choose feed appropriate for the age and intended use of your chickens.

Ingredient Quality and Safety

Ensure that the feed you choose uses high-quality ingredients sourced from reputable suppliers. Look for feeds that undergo quality control measures and adhere to safety standards.

Balanced Nutritional Profile

Check the feed label for a balanced nutritional profile that meets the specific requirements of your chickens. Ensure it provides the necessary protein, vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients.

Cost and Availability

Consider the cost and availability of the feed. Choosea feed that fits within your budget and is readily accessible to ensure a consistent supply for your flock.

Supplementing Chicken Feed

While high-quality feed provides the majority of the necessary nutrients, supplementing with additional foods can offer variety and added nutrition. Here are some options for supplementing chicken feed:

Kitchen Scraps and Garden Greens

Leftover fruits, vegetables, and garden greens can be given to chickens as treats or added to their feed. Ensure that the scraps are safe and suitable for chickens, avoiding any toxic or harmful foods.

Calcium Sources

To support eggshell formation, provide calcium sources such as crushed oyster shells, ground eggshells, or commercially available calcium supplements. These can be offered in a separate container for chickens to consume as needed.

Grit and Oyster Shell

Grit, such as small stones or insoluble grit purchased from feed stores, helps chickens grind their food in their gizzards. Oyster shell provides additional calcium and aids in digestion.


What Is In Chicken Feed? Choosing the right chicken feed is vital for the health and well-being of your flock. By understanding the basic components, types of feed, and the benefits they offer, you can make informed decisions to meet the nutritional needs of your chickens at each life stage. Remember to consider factors like ingredient quality, balanced nutrition, and supplemental options to ensure the best care for your feathered friends.


  1. Can chickens eat grains other than what’s in their feed?
    • Yes, chickens can eat various grains, but it’s important to ensure they are safe and suitable for consumption.
  2. Is it necessary to provide additional supplements with chicken feed?
    • High-quality chicken feed generally provides the necessary nutrients. However, supplements like calcium sources and grit may be beneficial in certain cases.
  3. Can chickens eat fruits and vegetables?
    • Yes, chickens can eat many fruits and vegetables as long as they are safe and not harmful to their health.
  4. How much feed do chickens consume daily?
    • The amount of feed consumption varies depending on the size, breed, and age of the chickens. Generally, adult chickens consume around 1/4 to 1/3 pound of feed per day.
  5. Can I mix different types of chicken feed together?
    • It’s best to follow the specific feeding recommendations for each type of feed. Mixing different types may not provide the appropriate balance of nutrients.
About the Author
The Poultry Feed Team

The Poultry Feed Team

I am Ehsan from The Poultry Feed Team. We all started out as poultry novices ourselves, so we know just how confusing it can be to try and figure everything out on your own. That's why we're here! We want to help you become the best caretaker of these lovely feathered animals.