What To Feed Laying Chickens: A Guide to Proper Nutrition for Egg-Laying Hens

Feeding laying chickens a nutritious diet is crucial to ensure their health and maximize egg production. Laying hens have specific dietary needs that must be met for them to lay high-quality eggs consistently.

What To Feed Laying Chickens? In this article, we will explore the nutritional requirements of laying chickens, different types of feed available, feeding strategies for optimal egg production, the importance of water and grit, treats and supplements, as well as feeding tips and best practices.

You may also want to read about the best layins mash.

Understanding the Nutritional Needs of Laying Chickens

To support their egg-laying activities, laying chickens require a well-balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. The following are key considerations for their dietary requirements:

Protein Requirements

Protein is vital for egg production and overall health. Laying hens need a diet that contains around 16-18% protein. Protein sources such as soybean meal, fish meal, or mealworms can provide the necessary amino acids for egg development and feather growth.

Calcium and Phosphorus Needs

Calcium is crucial for the formation of strong eggshells. Laying hens require a higher level of calcium, approximately 3.5-4%, in their diet. Phosphorus is also essential for proper calcium utilization. It’s important to maintain the correct calcium-to-phosphorus ratio to avoid deficiencies or imbalances.

Vitamin and Mineral Requirements

Laying chickens need adequate vitamins and minerals to support their overall health and egg production. Key vitamins include vitamin A, D, E, and B-complex vitamins. Essential minerals include selenium, zinc, manganese, and others. These nutrients can be provided through a well-formulated layer feed or appropriate supplements.

Types of Feed for Laying Chickens

Several options are available when it comes to feeding laying chickens:

Layer Feed

Layer feed is specifically formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of laying hens. It typically contains the ideal balance of protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals needed for optimal egg production. Layer feed can be purchased from feed stores or online.

Homemade Feed Mixtures

Some chicken owners prefer to create their own feed mixtures. This approach allows for greater control over the ingredients and their quality. Homemade mixtures can include a combination of grains, protein sources, calcium supplements, and vitamins.

What to feed laying chickens?

What To Feed Laying Chickens?

Supplemental Feed Options

In addition to layer feed or homemade mixtures, supplemental feeds can be offered to provide additional nutrients and variety. These include ingredients such as kitchen scraps (fruits, vegetables, and bread), mealworms, or sprouted grains. However, it’s important to ensure that any supplements offered are safe and do not compromise the balanced nutrition of the main feed.

Feeding Strategies for Optimal Egg Production

Different feeding strategies can be employed to support optimal egg production:

Free-Choice Feeding

Free-choice feeding involves providing laying hens with constant access to layer feed. The feed is available at all times, allowing chickens to eat according to their individual needs. This method ensures a consistent supply of nutrients throughout the day.

Controlled Feeding

Controlled feeding involves providing a specific amount of feed per chicken per day. This method allows for better monitoring of feed intake and can be useful in preventing excessive weight gain or feed wastage.

Importance of Water and Grit

In addition to the feed, water and grit play crucial roles in the health and digestion of laying chickens.

Water Availability and Cleanliness

Laying hens require clean and fresh water at all times. Water is involved in various physiological processes, including egg formation. Ensure that waterers are regularly cleaned and refilled to promote hydration and overall well-being.

Providing Grit for Digestion

Grit consists of small stones or insoluble particles that chickens consume to aid in the breakdown of feed in their gizzards. It helps with the digestion of grains and other fibrous materials. Provide grit in a separate container for laying hens to access as needed.

Treats and Supplements for Laying Hens

While a balanced diet is the foundation, treats and supplements can be offered to provide additional nutrients and keep chickens engaged:

Healthy Treat Options

Treats such as fruits (berries, melons), vegetables (leafy greens, carrots), and herbs (parsley, basil) can be given in moderation. These treats offer nutritional variety and can be used to enrich the diet of laying hens.

Calcium Supplements

To ensure sufficient calcium for eggshell formation, additional calcium sources can be provided. Crushed oyster shells, ground eggshells, or commercially available calcium supplements can be offered in a separate container.

What To Feed Laying Chickens?

What To Feed Laying Chickens?

Probiotics and Herbal Supplements

Probiotics and herbal supplements can contribute to the overall health and immune function of layinghens. These supplements contain beneficial bacteria or herbal extracts that support gut health and strengthen the immune system. However, it’s important to choose high-quality supplements specifically formulated for chickens and follow the recommended dosage.

Feeding Tips and Best Practices

Consider the following tips to ensure the best feeding practices for your laying chickens:

Feed Storage and Freshness

Store feed in a cool, dry place to maintain its freshness and nutritional value. Avoid exposure to moisture, heat, or direct sunlight, as these can lead to spoilage or nutrient degradation. Use feed within the recommended shelf life to ensure optimal quality.

Monitoring Feed Consumption

Regularly monitor your chickens’ feed consumption. Sudden changes in appetite or a significant decrease in egg production may indicate an issue with the diet or health of the birds. Adjust the feed quantity or consult a veterinarian if necessary.

Adjusting Feed Based on Season and Environment

Environmental factors, such as temperature or daylight duration, can impact egg production. Adjust the feed quantity or formulation accordingly to meet the changing nutritional needs of the laying hens.


What To Feed Laying Chickens? Proper nutrition is essential for the health and productivity of laying chickens. Providing a well-balanced diet that meets their specific nutritional requirements is crucial for consistent egg production and overall well-being. Remember to choose high-quality layer feed or formulate homemade mixtures with the correct protein, calcium, and vitamin content.

Offer fresh water, provide grit for digestion, and consider treats and supplements to enhance the diet. By following best feeding practices and monitoring the health of your laying chickens, you can ensure happy and productive hens that lay nutritious eggs.


  1. How much feed should I give my laying chickens each day?
    • On average, a laying chicken consumes approximately 1/4 to 1/3 pound of feed per day. However, individual requirements may vary, so monitor their appetite and adjust accordingly.
  2. Can I feed my laying hens kitchen scraps?
    • Yes, many kitchen scraps are safe and nutritious for laying hens. Avoid feeding toxic or harmful foods and provide treats in moderation.
  3. Should I provide additional calcium for my laying hens?
    • Yes, laying hens require additional calcium for eggshell formation. Crushed oyster shells, ground eggshells, or commercial calcium supplements can be offered separately.
  4. Can I feed my laying chickens a diet of only grains?
    • No, a diet consisting only of grains will not provide the necessary balance of nutrients for laying hens. Layer feed or a well-formulated homemade mixture is recommended.
  5. How often should I offer treats to my laying hens?
    • Treats should be offered in moderation, preferably as a supplement to their regular diet. Too many treats can disrupt the balance of nutrients and affect egg production.

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