White Ducks: A Guide to This Popular Domestic Waterfowl

White ducks, also known as Pekin ducks, are a popular domestic waterfowl breed. Known for their docile temperament and meaty carcass, these ducks are a common sight on farms and homesteads across the world. In this blog post, we will explore the history, characteristics, care, and uses of white ducks.

You may also want to read about the best duck feed.

History of White Ducks

The white duck is a relatively new breed, having only been developed in the 1800s in China. They were originally known as “Pekin” ducks, named after the city of Peking (now known as Beijing) where they were first bred. In the late 1800s, white ducks were imported to Europe and North America, where they quickly became popular for their meat and egg production.


There are several different breeds of white duck, each with their own unique characteristics and qualities. Here are some of the most popular breeds of white ducks:

  1. Pekin: The Pekin is one of the most common breeds of white duck. They are known for their large size, weighing up to 10 pounds, and their docile and friendly nature. They are also good layers, producing up to 200 eggs per year.
  2. Muscovy: The Muscovy is a unique breed of duck, with a distinct red caruncle on their face and a unique hissing sound. They are known for their strong flying ability and their ability to breed naturally, without the need for artificial insemination.
  3. White Crested: The White Crested is a breed of duck with a distinctive white crest of feathers on their head. They are known for their calm and gentle nature, and are good layers, producing up to 200 eggs per year.
  4. Rouen: The Rouen is a breed of duck that is similar in appearance to the Mallard duck, but larger and heavier. They are known for their beautiful plumage and are good layers, producing up to 150 eggs per year.

Characteristics of White Ducks

White ducks are medium to large-sized birds, with males weighing between 8-11 pounds and females between 6-9 pounds. They have a white, fluffy plumage that is soft to the touch and yellow-orange bills and feet. They have a broad, round body shape and a slightly elongated neck. They have a calm, friendly temperament and are easy to handle, making them a popular choice for backyard flocks.

White Ducks

Care of White Ducks

White ducks are relatively easy to care for, but there are a few key considerations to keep in mind. Here are some tips for caring for your white ducks:

  1. Housing: White ducks need a secure and dry shelter that provides protection from the elements and predators. Make sure to provide at least 3-4 square feet of space per duck and a nesting area for egg-laying.
  2. Feeding: White ducks require a balanced diet that includes water, high-quality feed, and occasional treats such as vegetables or fruits. Make sure to provide fresh, clean water at all times, as ducks need to dunk their bills in water to help them digest their food.
  3. Health: White ducks are generally hardy birds but can be susceptible to certain illnesses such as respiratory infections or parasites. Make sure to provide regular veterinary care, keep their living space clean and dry, and provide a balanced diet to promote good health.

Uses of White Ducks

White ducks are primarily used for their meat and egg production, but they also have other uses. Here are some common uses of white ducks:

  1. Meat production: White ducks are known for their meaty carcass, with a tender and flavorful meat that is similar to chicken. They are often raised for meat production in commercial operations and homesteads.
  2. Egg production: White ducks are also known for their egg-laying capabilities, with females laying up to 200 eggs per year. Their eggs are larger than chicken eggs and have a thicker shell, making them ideal for baking and cooking.
  3. Pest control: White ducks are also effective at controlling pests such as slugs, snails, and mosquitoes. They will eat insects and other small animals in addition to their regular feed, making them a natural pest control option.


White ducks are a popular domestic waterfowl breed known for their calm temperament, meaty carcass, and egg-laying capabilities. With the right care and attention, these birds can provide a rewarding and useful addition to your backyard flock or homestead. Whether you are raising them for meat, eggs, or pest control, white ducks are a versatile and valuable bird to consider.

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