What Chicken Eggs to Hatch: Best Beginner’s Guide to Incubation

Chicken eggs to hatch: Hatching chicken eggs can be an exciting and rewarding experience for poultry enthusiasts. It allows you to witness the miracle of life as fluffy chicks emerge from their shells. However, not all eggs are suitable for hatching. Choosing the right eggs is crucial to ensure a successful hatch and healthy chicks. In this beginner’s guide to incubation, we will explore the important factors to consider when selecting chicken eggs for hatching.

You may also want to read about the best incubator.

Understanding Egg Selection

Before diving into the specifics, let’s understand why egg selection is vital in the incubation process. Selecting the right eggs increases the likelihood of hatching strong and vibrant chicks. Factors such as fertility, egg quality, and breed selection play a crucial role in the overall success of your incubation journey.

Chicken Eggs to Hatch

When it comes to sourcing eggs for hatching, you have several options. If you have your own backyard chickens, you can collect eggs from your flock. This allows you to maintain control over the entire process, from egg collection to incubation. Another option is to purchase eggs from local farmers or breeders who specialize in poultry breeding. Additionally, hatcheries offer a wide variety of eggs for hatching, allowing you to choose specific breeds or varieties. Make sure to use a good incubator.

chicken eggs to hatch

Make sure to get the right chicken eggs to hatch.

Identifying Fertile Eggs

To ensure successful hatching, it’s essential to identify fertile eggs. Fertility is determined by the presence of a rooster in your flock. Roosters are responsible for fertilizing the eggs, and without them, the eggs will not develop into chicks. When collecting eggs for incubation, look for certain signs of fertility, such as a rooster actively mating with the hens.

Egg Quality and Freshness

The quality and freshness of the eggs also impact the hatching process. Inspect the shell condition, which should be intact and free from cracks or deformities. Eggs with abnormal shell textures or thin shells may have difficulty hatching. It’s also recommended to use fresh eggs for incubation, ideally within a week of being laid.

Selecting Chicken Breeds

The breed of chicken you choose for hatching eggs depends on your specific goals. If you’re primarily interested in egg production, breeds such as Leghorns or Rhode Island Reds are known for their prolific laying abilities. If you’re passionate about preserving rare or heritage breeds, there are specific breeders dedicated to providing hatching eggs for these unique varieties. Additionally, dual-purpose breeds offer a combination of good egg-laying and meat-producing qualities.

Special Considerations

In some cases, you may have special considerations when selecting chicken eggs to hatch. If you’re interested in hatching eggs from exotic or rare breeds, you might need to explore specialized breeders or online platforms that cater to these specific breeds. Keep in mind that rare breed eggs may require additional care and attention during incubation.

It’s also worth mentioning that you can incubate eggs from different poultry species. While chickens are the most common choice for egg hatching, you can also incubate eggs from ducks, geese, turkeys, or quails. Each species has its own incubation requirements, so it’s essential to research and understand the specific needs of the species you intend to hatch.

Lastly, it’s important to be aware of any local regulations or restrictions regarding the incubation and hatching of eggs. Some areas may have restrictions on owning certain breeds or hatching eggs due to biosecurity concerns or zoning regulations. Before embarking on your incubation journey, check with your local authorities to ensure compliance with any applicable laws.

Storage and Handling Chicken Eggs to Hatch

Proper storage and handling of eggs before incubation are crucial for maintaining their viability. Eggs should be stored in a cool and clean environment, ideally at a temperature of around 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 15 degrees Celsius) with moderate humidity. Avoid storing eggs in the refrigerator as it can negatively impact their fertility.

When handling eggs, it’s important to minimize any rough movements or shaking that could damage the developing embryo. Additionally, eggs should be turned regularly during storage to prevent the yolk from sticking to the shell, which can impede proper development.

If the eggs are dirty, gently clean them with a soft cloth or sandpaper. Avoid using water or any detergents as they can remove the protective bloom on the shell, which acts as a natural barrier against bacteria.

hatched chicken eggs

Evaluating Eggs for Incubation

Before placing eggs in the incubator, it’s advisable to perform a process called candling. Candling involves shining a bright light through the egg to assess its fertility and development. By examining the air cell, the yolk, and the presence of blood vessels, you can determine if an egg is viable or not. Remove any eggs that show signs of infertility or defects to increase the chances of a successful hatch.

When selecting eggs for incubation, consider factors such as size, shape, and weight. Ideally, choose eggs that are of average size and free from abnormalities. However, keep in mind that small variations in egg size and shape are natural and do not necessarily indicate poor quality.


Selecting the right chicken eggs for hatching is a critical step in the incubation process. By considering factors such as fertility, egg quality, breed selection, and special considerations, you can increase your chances of a successful hatch and healthy chicks. Remember to source eggs from reputable sources, handle and store them properly, and evaluate their viability before incubation.

Embarking on the journey of hatching chicken eggs is a fascinating experience that allows you to witness the magic of life unfold. With careful consideration and proper incubation techniques, you can enjoy the joy of nurturing and raising your own flock of chickens.


  1. Q: How long does it take for chicken eggs to hatch? A: The incubation period for chicken eggs is typically 21 days. However, slight variations can occur depending on the breed and environmental conditions.
  2. Q: Can I incubate eggs that have been refrigerated? A: It’s best to avoid incubating refrigerated eggs as the cold temperature can negatively affect their viability. It’s recommended to use fresh eggs at room temperature for better hatching success.

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